Dir is administratively subdivided into Upper Dir and Lower Dir districs. Dir district is 5,280 square kilometres in area and part of the Malakand division, lying along the Afghanistan border between Chitral and Peshawar. Almost all of it lies in the valley of the Panjkora which rises high in the Hindu Kush at Lat. 35.45 and joins the Swat River near Chakdara, where the district is usually entered, at Lat. 34.40. Apart from the tehsils of Adenzai round Chakdara and Munda in the south-west, Dir is rugged and mountainous with peaks rising to 16,000 feet in the north-east and to 10,000 ft. along the watersheds with Swat to the east and Afghanistan to the west. The only motor road to Chitral reaches 10,234 ft at the Lowarai Pass. Timergara, however, the district headquarters, lies at only 2,700 ft. twice the altitude of Peshawar but much lower than the traditional and eponymous capital of Dir at the foot of the Lowarai. Except for them and a number of rapidly growing bazaar towns along the main roads the population is rural, scattered in more than 1200 villages over the plains of Adenzai and Munda and the deep narrow valleys of the Panjkora and its tributaries. Of these the largest are Barawal, Usherai, Nihag, Karo and Toormang. Dir district was officially split into Upper Dir and Lower Dir in 1996. Until 2000 as funds were not available to provide the accommodation needed at Dir town by government departments at a district headquarters, both districts continued to he administered by a single deputy Commissioner stationed at Timergara.
Attractions: with its beautiful terraced fields possesses a thrilling historical past, dating back to the Buddhist era and even beyond. Spread over 4000 sq. miles the discovery of remains of Dir civilization gives a new dimension to the study of Buddhist Civilization. It is discovered that Dir remained the main battlefield for many intruders. Many fights have been fought in this area. It was discovered that the inhabitants of this civilization were warriors. Many old weapons were discovered during such an exploration. The inhabitants mainly adopted Agriculture as their main business. They enjoyed rich affluence and fruits of farming.
The topography of Dir is mainly hilly. The Punjkora River flows through and divides Dir in almost two equal parts. The climate is extremely cold in winters and moderately warm in summer. Dir for its rich heritage, poses to attract both archeologists and naturalists. A visit, worth remembering.
Dir is well connected by road with the rest of the country by Timergarah and Mardan.Peshawar International airport has air linkage to all over the country as well as with he rest of the world.