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Sights & Landmarks in Pakistan

Pakistan is a diverse country steeped in history. Go north, south, east or west, and you will find hidden gems that offer jaw-dropping visuals and inspiring stories. Some showcase Mother Nature in all her glory. Everything associated with history and heritage needn’t be boring or out-dated. Instead, you will find some of these places so enchanting that you will want to keep coming back for more!

Its past has seen a melting pot of different religions, rulers and empires — all of which have left their mark on the countryside. Opulent palaces, ancient forts and majestic structures greet you at every nook and corner of this majestic country. This rich history oozes out of all ancient structures and famous historical monuments in Pakistan, and depicts tales of romance, bravery, strength and battles. The historical places in Pakistan depict the stunning craftsmanship on the stone which can be seen in many temples and forts.

The many temples, forts, palaces and monuments in the country make up the historical places of Pakistan. These reflect the splendid heritage and culture of the country. The Jehangir Tomb, Shalimar Garden, Lahore Fort, Royal Mosque are famous historical monuments of the Mughal period. Harappa, Taxila and Moehnjo Daro are ancient archaeological sites. Glimpses of colonial architecture can be seen in cities such as Lahore, Murree and Karachi. Multan, Peshawar, Swat, Hyderabad, Makli and Mehrgarh are few other cities that are of historical significance.

Top Sights & Landmarks


Taxila Punjab Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan or Takṣaśilā, meaning “City of Cut Stone” or “Takṣa Rock”) is a town and an important archaeological site in the Rawalpindi District of the Punjab, Pakistan, situated about 32 km (20 mi) north-west of Islamabad and Rawalpindi, just off the famous Grand Trunk Road. The town lies 549 metres (1,801 ft) […]


Mohenjo Daro is another wonderful historical site in Pakistan. A part of the Indus Valley Civilization, Mohenjo Daro is situated on the west bank of the Indus River.   Indus River civilization flourished from somewhere third till the middle of second millenium B.C. before it vanquished from the world. Moenjodaro had mud-brick and baked-brick buildings. Covered […]


Harappa, One of the two sites of the Indus Valley Civilization, Harappa is located in the Punjab Province of Pakistan and the site lies some 35 kilometres southwest of Sahiwal. Harappa is the first site of the Indus Valley Civilization that was discovered in the 1920s. Harappa is located about 250 kilometres from Lahore. Harappa […]


Sost or Sust, the only dry port town in Northern Pakistan, is situated in Gojal region of the Northern Areas of Pakistan. The dry port at Sost makes it a major trade market of the area as well as an attraction for tourists. It is the last major town inside Pakistan on the Karakoram Highway […]


Khewra Salt Mines, the second biggest salt mine in the world, is a salt mine in Pakistan, is situated at the foothills of the Salt Range about 160 kilometers from Islamabad and 260 kilometers from Lahore in Tehsil Pind Dadan Khan District Jhelum Punjab. It attracts up to 40,000 visitors per year. Khewra Salt Mines […]


Mehrgarh, situated strategically near the Bolan Pass, is located at the foot of the Balochistan hills on the Katchi plain southeast of Quetta. A 9000 year old site of settlement, Neolithic Mehergarh consists of four mounds. Supported by the Pakistan Department of Archeology, French archeologists have been carrying out extensive excavations there for some years. […]


Takht-Bhai, situated about 80 kilometers from Peshawar, has ruins of an ancient Buddhist monastery atop a hill. A French officer General Court in the court of Maharaja Ranjit Singh first mentioned about Takht-I-Bahi in 1836. The monastery is believed to date back to the 2nd or 3rd century AD. Takht-I-Bahi is an impressive Buddhist Monastery […]


Thatta, about 98 kms (61 miles) east of Karachi. At one time Thatta was important as Sind’s capital city and as a centre for Islamic arts. From the 14th century four Muslim dynasties ruled Sindh from Thatta, but in 1739 the capital was moved elsewhere and Thatta declined. It was believed that this was the […]


Kartarpur is located in the tehsil Shakargarh, Narowal District in Punjab, Pakistan, on the right bank of the Ravi River. Kartarpur is located at 32°5′13″N 75°1′0″E. It is located in Narowal District, Punjab, Pakistan. It has an average elevation of 155 metres (511 feet). It is said to have been founded by the first guru […]

Hassan Abdal

Hassan Abdal is 55 km west of Rawalpindi. It is a beautiful historical town in Northern Punjab and also a junction on G.T Road that enroute and connect, Peshawar to historical Khyber pass, Hazara to magnificent Karakuram highway that goes up to China and to twin cities, Rawalpindi – Islamabad. History . The famous Chinese […]

Uch Sharif

Uch Sharif, 75 km from Bahawalpur is a very old town. It is believed that it existed 500 BC. Some historians believe that Uch was there even before the advent of Bikramajit when Jains and Buddhist ruled over the sub-continent. At the time of the invasion by Alexander the Great, Uch was under Hindu rule. […]

Hiran Minar

Hiran Minar is an early 17th-century Mughal era complex located in Sheikhupura, in the Pakistani province of Punjab. The complex was built at the site of a game reserve in honour of Mughal Emperor Jahangir’s pet antelope. The Emperor is remembered for his fondness of nature and his complex embodies the Mughal relationship between humans, […]

Bhong Mosque

Bhong mosque is famous for its architecture as well as the decoration done here. The extensive calligraphy done of verses from Quran here makes it one of a kind place in Pakistan. There are pictures of Islam’s holiest places framed in real gold. The roof of the complex glitters with the extensive mirror work done […]

Kot Diji Fort

The ancient site at Kot Diji was the forerunner of the Indus Civilization. The occupation of this site is attested already at 3300 BCE. The remains consist of two parts; the citadel area on high ground (about 12 m), and outer area. The Pakistan Department of Archaeology excavated at Kot Diji in 1955 and 1957. […]

Ranikot Fort

Ranikot Fort, also known as Rannikot, is a historical Talpur fort near Sann, Jamshoro District, Sindh, Pakistan. Ranikot Fort is also known as The Great Wall of Sindh and is believed to be the world’s largest fort. with a circumference of approximately 32 kilometres (20 mi). The fort’s ramparts have been compared to the Great […]

Pacco Qillo

Pacco Qillo, formally known as Pakka Qilla, is a fort in Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan. The Fort was constructed on the hillock known locally as Gunjy, by Mian Ghulam Shah Kalhoro, around 1768 when he founded the city of Hyderabad. Still in 2017 the fort is exiting in natural shape. History During the Talpur rule over […]

Umarkot Fort

Umarkot Fort, located in Umerkot, Sindh, also called Amarkot. Emperor Akbar was born in Umarkot Fort when his father Humayun fled from the military defeats at the hands of Sher Shah Surion 15 October 1542. Rana Parasad of Umarkot, who had risen to power had given refuge to Mughal Emperor Humayun and it was there […]

Derawar Fort

Derawar Fort is a large square fortress in Yazman Tehsil, Punjab, Pakistan. Approximately 130 km south of the city of Bahawalpur, the forty bastions of Derawar are visible for many miles in the Cholistan Desert. The walls have a perimeter of 1500 metres and stand up to thirty metres high. Derawar fort was first built […]

Karakoram Highway KKH

The Karakoram Highway known by its initials KKH, also known as N-35 or National Highway 35  or the China-Pakistan Friendship Highway (also a part of the Asian Highway AH4) is a 1,300-kilometre (810 mi) national highway which extends from Hasan Abdal in the Punjab province of Pakistan to the Khunjerab Pass in Gilgit-Baltistan, where it […]

Baltit Fort Hunza Valley

Baltit Fort  is a fort in the Hunza valley, near the town of Karimabad, in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of northern Pakistan. Founded in the 8th CE, it has been on the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative list since 2004. In the past, the survival of the feudal regime of Hunza was ensured by the impressive fort, […]

Kharpocho Skardu Fort

Kharpocho or Skardu Fort ( Kharpocho means The king of Forts) is a fort in Skardu city in Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan. Australian mountaineer and film maker Greg Child writes that the fort is “perched above the junction of the rivers” and overlooks the Rock of Skardu. History The fort was built by the king […]

Fong-Khar Shigar Fort 

The Shigar Fort  means The Fort on Rock is an old fort of Baltistan and Pakistan located in the town of Shigar. It was built in the 17th century by the Raja of Amacha Dynasty of Shigar. The fort has been restored by Aga Khan Cultural Service Pakistan (AKCSP-P), the Pakistan arm of the Aga […]

Thoqsi Khar Khaplu Palace

Khaplu Palace or Thoqsi Khar, locally known as Yabgo Khar (meaning “The fort on the roof”), is an old fort and palace located in Khaplu, in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of northern Pakistan. The palace, considered an architectural heritage and a tourist attraction, was built in the mid-19th century, replacing an earlier fort located nearby. It […]

Makli Necropolis

Makli Necropolis is one of the largest funerary sites in the world, spread over an area of 10 kilometres near the city of Thatta, in the Pakistani province of Sindh. The site houses approximately 500,000 to 1 million tombs built over the course of a 400 year period. Makli Necropolis features several large funerary monuments […]

Sangni Fort

Sangni Fort Sangni Fort also known as Sangani Killa is a fort of Sikh Period in the village Takal in Tehsil Kallar Syedan, district Rawalpindi in Punjab, Pakistan. History The fort was probably built in the Sikh Period (1799-1849). This area came under Sandhawalia Jat ruler Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1814. The Fort was built […]

Rawat Fort

Rawat Fort  is an early 16th century fort in the Pothohar plateau of Pakistan, near the city of Rawalpindi in the province of Punjab. The fort was built to defend the Pothohar plateau from the forces of the Pashtun king Sher Shah Suri. Location It is 17 km east of Rawalpindi on Grand Trunk Road. […]

Skardu Airport

Skardu Airport (IATA: KDU, ICAO: OPSD), at an elevation of 2230 m, is located 11 miles from the city in North West direction is a domestic civil airport in Skardu, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. It is one of the most scenic domestic airports in Pakistan. Passengers experience stunning view of mighty Indus river and snow capped mountains […]

Gilgit Airport

Gilgit Airport (IATA: GIL, ICAO: OPGT) is a small domestic airport situated 1.25 nm (2.3 km) east of Gilgit city, in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan. The city of Gilgit is one of the two major hubs for all mountaineering expeditions in the northern areas of Pakistan. Because of its short runway located at the […]

Islamabad International Airport 

Islamabad International Airport  IATA: ISB, ICAO: OPIS) is the main international airport serving the Islamabad-Rawalpindi metropolitan area and its suburbs. It is built 20 km west of the twin cities near the Kashmir Highway and Motorway Interchange.   Islamabad is the capital city of Pakistan and one of the major destinations for tourists travelling to […]

Chitral Airport

Chitral Airport (IATA: CJL, ICAO: OPCH) is a small domestic airport situated 2 NM (3.7 km) north of the city centre of Chitral, in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

Saidu Sharif Airport

Saidu Sharif Airport (IATA: SDT, ICAO: OPSS) is an airport in Pakistan. It is situated near the Swat River and between the villages of Dherai and Kanju in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. The airport was built in 1978, and two flights took place daily to Peshawar. and Islamabad before the airport was shut down during the First Battle […]

Allama Iqbal International Airport Lahore

Allama Iqbal International Airport IATA: LHE, ICAO: OPLA) is the second largest civilian airport by traffic in Pakistan, serving Lahore, capital of Punjab and second-largest city of Pakistan. It also serves a large portion of the travellers from the other regions of Punjab province. Originally known as Lahore International Airport, it was renamed after the […]

Jinnah International Airport Karachi

Jinnah International Airport (IATA: KHI, ICAO: OPKC), formerly Drigh Road Airport, is Pakistan’s busiest international and domestic airport, and handled 7,267,582 passengers in 2017-2018. Located in Karachi, the largest city and commercial capital of Pakistan and capital of the province of Sindh, it is named after Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan. The airport […]

Faisalabad International Airport

Faisalabad International Airport (IATA: LYP, ICAO: OPFA) is an international airport and standby Pakistan Air Force military base situated on Jhang Road, 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) southwest of the city centre of Faisalabad, in the Punjab province of Pakistan. The airport is home to two flying schools who use the airfield for regular training for […]

Sialkot International Airport

Sialkot International Airport (IATA: SKT, ICAO: OPST) is situated 14 km (8.7 mi) west of Sialkot in the Sialkot District of Pakistan. It has the distinction of being the first privately owned public airport in Pakistan. It was built by the business community of Sialkot by their own efforts. Before the completion of the new […]

Multan International Airport

Multan International Airport (IATA: MUX, ICAO: OPMT) is an international airport located 4 km west of Multan, Pakistan.] The airport is South Punjab largest and busiest airport. Multan International Airport offers flights throughout Pakistan, as well as direct flights to Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. In March 2015, a new […]

Wagah Broder

Wahga or Wagha is a village located in the Wahgah Zone of Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. The town is famous for the Wagah border crossing between India and Pakistan.  It also serves as a goods transit terminal and a railway station between Pakistan and India. Wagah is situated 600 metres (2,000 ft) west of the border […]

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