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Gondrani Cave City, Balochistan

Nestled in the rugged landscapes of Pakistan’s Balochistan province, Cave City, also known as Gondrani or the “City of Caves,” is an enigmatic and historical marvel. This ancient settlement, carved directly into the cliffs, offers a fascinating glimpse into a bygone era. Whether you’re an adventure seeker, history enthusiast, or nature lover, Cave City promises an unforgettable experience.


Cave City is located near the town of Bela in the Lasbela District of Balochistan, approximately 175 kilometers northwest of Karachi. Its coordinates are 25.9481° N latitude and 66.5069° E longitude.


The city is situated at an altitude of approximately 1,000 feet (305 meters) above sea level, providing breathtaking views of the surrounding arid landscape.


The origins of Cave City date back to the 7th century AD, attributed to the Buddhist era in this region. The caves were believed to be a monastic settlement, showcasing the remarkable craftsmanship of the time. Over the centuries, it has seen the influence of various cultures, including Hinduism and Islam, adding layers of historical significance.

Flora and Fauna

Despite its arid environment, the area around Cave City supports a unique ecosystem. The flora includes hardy shrubs, acacia trees, and various desert plants adapted to the harsh conditions. The fauna consists of a range of species such as desert foxes, wild goats, and a variety of bird species, making it a haven for wildlife enthusiasts.


The culture of Balochistan is a vibrant tapestry woven with traditions, music, and crafts. The local Balochi people are known for their hospitality and rich heritage. Visiting Cave City provides an opportunity to experience their traditional music, dance, and cuisine, offering a deeper connection to the region’s cultural roots.

Best Time to Visit

The optimal time to visit Cave City is between October and March when the weather is cooler and more pleasant. During these months, the temperatures are comfortable, making it ideal for exploring the caves and surrounding attractions.

Temperature Chart of the Year

Here is a temperature chart representing the average monthly temperatures in Cave City:

MonthAverage High (°C)Average Low (°C)

Average Temperature

The average annual temperature in Cave City is approximately 28°C (82°F), reflecting its warm desert climate.

Activities and Things to Do

  • Exploring the Caves: Wander through the ancient cave dwellings, marveling at the intricate carvings and historical artifacts.
  • Hiking and Trekking: Enjoy the rugged terrain with numerous trails offering stunning views and challenging hikes.
  • Wildlife Watching: Spot local wildlife and bird species in their natural habitat.
  • Cultural Experiences: Engage with the local Balochi community, experiencing their traditional music, dance, and cuisine.
  • Photography: Capture the breathtaking landscapes and historical sites, perfect for photography enthusiasts.

Nearby Attractions

  • Hingol National Park: Just a short drive away, this park is known for its diverse wildlife, scenic beauty, and the famous Hingol Mud Volcanoes.
  • Princess of Hope: A natural rock formation resembling a woman standing gracefully, located within Hingol National Park.
  • Astola Island: Known as the ‘Island of the Seven Hills,’ this remote island offers pristine beaches and crystal-clear waters.

Getting There

  • By Road: The most convenient way to reach Cave City is by road from Karachi. The journey takes approximately 3-4 hours via the Makran Coastal Highway (N10).
  • By Air: The nearest major airport is in Karachi. From there, you can hire a car or take a bus to reach Cave City.
  • By Public Transport: Buses and coaches regularly operate from Karachi to Bela, from where you can hire a local taxi to Cave City.


Cave City, Balochistan, is a hidden gem waiting to be discovered. Its rich history, unique culture, and stunning natural beauty make it a must-visit destination for any traveler. Whether you’re exploring ancient caves, hiking through rugged landscapes, or immersing yourself in local traditions, Cave City offers an adventure like no other. Plan your visit today and uncover the mysteries of this enchanting city.


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